Referring to our psycho-sociological research and to several years of reflexive interviews with adolescents, I analyze the way in which the housing project, a space for daily living and belonging, constitutes both a place of refuge and a risk of fixation. In the face of stigma, the adolescent peer group welcomes and protects; it also represents a place of confinement, both in the psychical sense and the sense of material survival. Getting out of the projects requires important steps made up of failures and successes. All leave this adolescent situation, the paths are many, and the recourse to Islam is more and more one of the ways.
Starting with the ambivalent way the delinquent minor is regarded, this article will show how at different times one favors either prevention and education or – because the delinquent is perceived more as a danger to society – exclusion and confinement.
A story that is continually being played out around the issue of « open » or « closed » institutions.
The impression of being locked up in the world of illness, hospitals and medicine is part of what adolescents experience while undergoing treatment for cancer. This impression is exacerbated when they receive high-dose chemotherapy and a stem cell transplant in protective isolation. Confinement combines with and exasperates all aspects of their experience of cancer, especially the perturbation of their relationship with their body (which becomes strange or unfamiliar) and with others (withdrawal, flight, excessive demands, anger), of their sense of identity, difficulties in formulating and expressing their ideas, fear of thinking. Their parents are also upset. In order to help these adolescents live through this phase of their treatment and this confinement without being destabilized and, subsequently, to rid themselves of its psychical repercussions, psychoanalysts need to be sufficiently aware of the reality of this experience so that they can work on the elements of which it is composed and not on a rough definition of what it is and what phantasms it evokes. We describe first the elements involved in these treatments then the landmarks which can guide the psychoanalyst in these particularly difficult and complex situations.
Confinement of children in all its forms does not go without saying. With reference to three major legal texts and using her own professional experience as controller general of environments where individuals are deprived of freedom, the author offers a consideration of the different reasons given for the confinement of minors, the principles which are subject to debate and the different effects of such confinement.
Adolescence, 2013, 30, 4, 823-841.
Today’s delinquency, characterized by aggression against the other, the counterpart, which is often sudden, indeed, an immediate, destructive explosion, belongs to the archaic which has to do with the subjective existence of the subject. Judicial approaches offer forms of social re-education and prevention, focused on the transgressive, disorganizing act rather than on the potential for starting over, lead to the « confinement » of these problematic adolescents and young adults, reproducing a stigmatization of the troublemakers within prison walls.
In what turns out to be an impasse, « confinement » can carry out and induce the dynamic of a passage, by establishing frameworks for therapeutic mediation which involve the violent adolescent in a work of psychical re-elaboration and in a relaunching of his subjective dynamic. This opens the way to constructive and creative drive satisfactions which are not just a place of release for these adolescents. These transformative spaces can lead to symbolization and put these youths back into a network of intersubjectivity, a community of exchanges enabling them to turns towards a space of possibilities.
Adolescence, 2013, 30, 4, 797-813.