A la hora actual en que existe dentro del psicoanálisis una lógica susceptible de identificar los tiempos de la formación de un sujeto como de una neurosis ; verificamos que la adolescencia, es un tiempo lógico determinante. Es un momento de la posesión retroactiva del fantasma. Pero también es un momento del descubrimiento del orgasmo. Lo que J. Lacan llama una maduración del objeto a. La relación sexual descubre su no conjugación tanto en el caso del hombre como el de la mujer. Ello conlleva un efecto de castración para los dos partenarios, repitiendo la castración simbólica de origen edipico.
Follow the “ pattern ” of youth in W Gombrowicz’s work, which shows the specific nostalgia of the adult gaze upon time that for him has passed : youth. He reveals the difference through which he grasped that event. Far from restoring the “ genital archaic ” present in the process of “ sexual differentiation ”, it is in the indifference of gender that adolescence is gripped. Masculine and feminine are indifferent as a pure form, beauty being faddish, and are claimed in the adult’s nostalgia as an observer of youth. Three aspects of this point of view qualifying the unconscious dimension at work in this “ pattern ” : the adolescent ideal of purity, the adolescent relation to excess, and finally the question of evanescence in its relationship with time.
When looking each other in the eye, human beings change radically their mode of communication: through this shared gaze, they seek out the other’s intent and consequently open up the space of the imaginary and of fantasy where vision in the animal world remains a search for clues: this is the argument of the book Eye to Eye, and the essential of this reply to Gérard Bonnet.
The author analyzes several articles and books devoted to the central role of the gaze in human relations for some time. He points out the principle teachings and regrets the lack of cooperation and exchange which characterize these, when they concern a particularly burning subject. This is doubtless due to the fact J. Lacan’s contributions about the distinction between the eye and the gaze are not sufficiently taken into account.
Within the interplay of sexes and generations, the seducer is above all a “ ferryman ” enabling the adolescent girl who embarks with him to find again both the multiple harmonies of her polymorphic infantile sexuality and an incestuous dream. This passage is a re-crossing of time and of a socially regulated evolution towards the status of woman and mother ; it will make a little girl of her again. It is passage also in the sense of a fantasy transgression which is possible only if it has not already happened earlier in reality. For incest is not the Œdipus complex but rather crushing of it, as dream and reality collide.
Narcissistic, homoerotic, even “ feminine ”, the adolescent is passionately attracted to the beautiful, by the beauty of the image of the body, and all that involves the perception of an ideal bodily representation, i.e. a fantasy image, is coveted and wished of oneself. However, if homoerotism is inherent in narcissistic puberty, homosexuality, as gender and as “ structured ” inclination of the sexual life, appears to be related to the infantile archaic and in particular to find its essence in the fundamental aesthetic meeting of infancy.
Through clinical examples, the author approaches the issue of the Feminine in women. The question of “ what is “the” woman ? ”, a classic with men, turns out to be shared by member both sexes, especially by women who are find themselves in a masculine subjective sexual position.
A parallel between the four positions defined by the crossing of the two sexual subjective positions with the two anatomical sexes, and the four discourses defined by J. Lacan is attempted at the end of the article to show how nothing can be said about the position of the woman.
Sexual abuse in the family setting of some adolescent authors seems to demonstrate a problem in distinguishing what there is of femininity in the maternal object. Here we try to study this factor specifically :
– The act corresponds to a “ release ” of the protection ensured by the maternal imago and/or a higher bid to appropriate the adolescent’s body or mind as an enjoying or distressing object.
– The act responds to a hole in symbolic ideas defined by the law, this hole concerns the “ biological rock ” of castration, of which sexual difference is a calling signal.
This article aims to bring into light the function of sublimation as a creation in order to overcome the impossibility of sexual intercourse in the adolescent girl. The approach is twofold : on the one hand, we have revisited this concept in the light of Freudian theory as well as the Lacanian contribution to this field ; on the other hand we have tried to grasp its link to and divergences from fantasy.
Now that there exists in psychoanalysis a logic that can identify the phase of the formation of a subject, like that of a neurosis, we can confirm that adolescence is a decisive logical phase. A time of the retroactive hold of fantasy, it is also the time of the discovery of orgasm, which constitutes what J. Lacan calls a maturation of the object a. The sexual relation discovers its non-conjunction in the man and the woman, whose effect is one of castration for both partners, repeating the symbolic castration that is the outcome of the Œdipus complex.