Using two very different clinical cases, this article offers an anthropological exploration of contemporary conceptions of youth. These conceptions are linked to the opening up of places of confinement and to the promotion of individual autonomy. They are unevenly distributed according to social milieu and gender. Faced with threats to the environment, the tendency of individual capacities to double down on the consumption of resources and on the culture/nature dualism is becoming a problem.
Adolescence, 2021, 39, 1, 199-208.
Over the last few years, more and more young people have called into question the well-marked boundaries of gender, the couple and sexuality: bisexual or pansexual, gender-neutral or –fluid, transgender, they refuse labels, identity fixations, and demand the right to invent themselves completely, to shatter the boundaries that distinguish heterosexuality and homosexuality, male and female, boy and girl.
Adolescence, 2020, 38, 2, 447-462.
Statistical studies raise the question of gender differences in the juvenile justice system. Data concerning the causes, judicial procedures, and nationalities of minors in detention show differences between the way males and females are treated, giving a more complete picture of the striking impact of multiple instances of abuse on the delinquency of girls under the age of eighteen.
Adolescence, 2018, 36, 1, 23-34.
A few remarks about terminology (sex, gender, identity) will be followed by a brief review of gender identity construction up till adolescence. The passage from a sort of childhood androgyny to the fullness of sex-specific identity sometimes occurs with some common difficulties; this is also the moment when the possibility of accessing complete and fertile sexuality will confirm or develop sexual orientation. Outside of any problem of sexual development, some adolescents (transsexual) refuse the sex they were born with, which is their biological sex, and request hormone-surgical transformation. Some adolescents have a problem of gender identity related to a problem of sexual development. A « transgender » movement has arisen in our culture, calling gender into question and going so far as to refusing all sexual distinction; this raises questions which are not medical but societal.
Adolescence, 2014, 32, 1, 165-179.
In criminology, delinquency and criminality are described as primarily male activities ; this is the conclusion of many studies. Moreover, most of the researches that have studied delinquent phenomenon are based on samples of boys or men. Consequently, few data are available on girls’ delinquency. Our study draws up an inventory of delinquent activity in a sample of 241 minors, 168 boys and 73 girls, living in Gap and Grenoble and their suburbs.
Narcissistic, homoerotic, even “ feminine ”, the adolescent is passionately attracted to the beautiful, by the beauty of the image of the body, and all that involves the perception of an ideal bodily representation, i.e. a fantasy image, is coveted and wished of oneself. However, if homoerotism is inherent in narcissistic puberty, homosexuality, as gender and as “ structured ” inclination of the sexual life, appears to be related to the infantile archaic and in particular to find its essence in the fundamental aesthetic meeting of infancy.
Teaching with serious games is increasingly a response to the challenges of pupil education. The present research was conducted over the 2009-2010 school year. This study focused, on the one hand, on self-esteem and intrinsic motivation because these correlation strongly with good results at school, and, on the other hand, on gender, because it has an effect on self-esteem and intrinsic motivation. The aim is to measure the variation of self-esteem and knowledge, for thirty-two boys and girls, ten or eleven years old, after using video games for ten hours. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) has been used both before and after the experiment, to measure the children’s self-esteem. Learning increase has been measured using questionnaires. The results show an effect on self-esteem, with a greater one for boys than for girls. The effectiveness of the proposed serious game, which deals with History and Art History, was measured and pupils learned a great deal. A gender is seen to have an effect on both self-esteem and knowledge.
Adolescence, 2012, 30, 1, 133-143.