Archives par mot-clé : Passage to the act

Sonia Harrati, David Vavassori: violent acts and pubertary impasse

This article focuses on violent acts in the adolescent hospitalized in psychiatry, using a clinical case to discuss, on the one hand, how through the violent act and lack of symbolization, the adolescent will come to figure a pubertary impasse, inviting a hypothesis of pubertary psychosis; and on the other hand, how the clinician can open up a therapeutic perspective when faced with ruptures of the symbolic process that drive the adolescent to enact violence.

Adolescence, 2019, 37, 2, 403-422.

Sophie Kecskeméti: civil war

After more than seventy years of peace in western Europe, one may wonder what becomes of destructiveness in such unprecedented conditions. Perhaps we are witnessing what might be likened to “civil wars”: suicides, family break-ups, the policing of civilian life. After presenting two clinical vignettes, one illustrating intrafamilial wars, the other illustrating institutional wars, the author will compare these two forms and offer some considerations about the difference between individual and group passages to the act.

Adolescence, 2019, 37, 2, 343-355.

Florian Houssier, Jean-Yves Chagnon: psychopathy, passages to the act and destructiveness of the object

Exploring some primary qualities of a secure bond, we note what, conversely, can hamper one’s ability to get through the adolescent process; we will connect this argument to the clinical situation of Joshua, an adolescent who suffers from psychopathy. This adolescent’s repeated passages to the act lead to a hypothesis of delusion contained by violent acts replaying a traumatic primal scene.

Adolescence, 2019, 37, 2, 313-323.

François Marty: pierre rivière: an adolescent violence?

Analyzing the case of a matricidal adolescent, the author envisions the passage to the criminal act as an impasse in the pubertary process. A study of history and of laws pertaining to minors gives a better idea of how theories of psychopathology have evolved towards a theory of pubertary psychosis. By weaving together the history of law, of the penal system and of psychiatry, the author offers a reading of the psychical fact that extends to the wider context in which it appears.

Adolescence, 2019, 37, 2, 289-312.

Élise Pelladeau: the body in sexual acting-out behaviors

The author explores the functions of the adolescent body engaged in violent sexual acting-out behavior, using the case of Pierre, 15, who is incarcerated for rape. With reference to the third topic of C. Dejours (2003), we revisit the early phase of the relation with the primal object, then the traumatic deferred action of the pubertary, which puts to the test the topical splitting between the repressed unconscious and the forbidden unconscious that provokes violent sexual acts against the percept.

Adolescence, 2019, 37, 1, 33-42.

Benoît Servant: “confusion of feelings”

Using two clinical vignettes (one from an institutional therapeutic treatment, and the other from an individual treatment), the author investigates issues underlying the apparently “liberated” sexuality of two older adolescents: a tight, reciprocal clinging to the mother, in the absence of internalization of parental imagos that would enable true individuation. He calls attention to the psychopathological and therapeutic consequences of this.

Adolescence, 2019, 37, 1, 23-31.

Nicolas Rabain, Fanny Dargent: sexualities

The authors introduce different angles for thinking about adolescent sexualities. Have changes in society – social media, the recognition of minority sexualities – changed the representations and behaviors of adolescents? Treatments, institutional care, and cultural objects, viewed through the prism of a study of transference, offer valuable ground for reflecting on the complex relations between sexuality, violence and identity issues.

Adolescence, 2019, 37, 1, 9-12.

David Vavassori, Sonia Harrati: passion for the act

In adolescents who are incarcerated, psychical ways of functioning based on dependence and passion for the act, are actualized in the setting of the detention center. This article deals with the psychical adjustments of these adolescents and the forms that their violence takes when it emerges. Violent acts thus appear to be a defense against the excitation of the drives induced by “incarceration hyperstimulation” and the relational and institutional promiscuity inherent to the setting of the juvenile detention center.

Adolescence, 2018, 36, 2, 333-348.

Francesca Di Giacomo, Solène Martin-Bonneville, Hélène Lida-Pulik: the feeling of the tragic

Tragedy, which was born in Athens in the 5thcentury B.C., is characterized by its representation of reality’s problematic nature. In adolescence, the solving of sexuality’s enigma enables one to invest the idea that conflicting forces determine human behavior. By discovering the tragic dimension of existence, the adolescent can become aware of the perverse maneuvers that take us from the register of ambiguity to that of paradox and can commit an act of denunciation.

Adolescence, 2018, 36, 2, 253-261.

Gérard Bonnet : mysticism and conversion in adolescence

The author approaches mystical experience using classical narratives such as Plato’s myth of the cave and Moses’ conversion to shed light on accounts that come to us from current psychoanalytical practice. He shows that mystical experience is an intense moment, wherein the subject experiences in a flash the sensation of attaining the ideal enjoyment that was madly imagined in childhood and plunges in with pleasure, without knowing exactly what is going on. This is also the moment when the flaws and the shadows of early experiences come back to him in a painful way, and when he is in danger of giving in body and soul, since these are so dissociable from the enjoyment in question, which lends itself to symptoms, to addictions, and to passages to the act which are under their rule. It is finally and above all the instant where he is obliged to assume responsibility for the conflicts that result, if he wishes to balance these exceptional experiences, whose hopes he bears in the deepest part of himself, and the reality in which he must invest himself today.

Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°1, pp. 41-63.