Archives de catégorie : ENG – Solitude – Désolation – 2005 T.23 n°1

Dominique Agostini : Melanie Klein, Analyst of Adolescents: III. The Case of “Willy”

Based on the case of “Felix,” which led to the concepts of internal objects and unconscious fantasies, and the case of “Ilse,” in which the focus was on the Kleinian concepts of feminine sexual identity, the author explores material from the analysis of “Willy” (aged fourteen). In this analysis, Klein illustrates and conceptualizes — as in the cases of Felix and Ilse — that revisiting the early Oedipal phase during adolescence is the condition  <i>sine qua non</i> for the joint integrative development of psychic bisexuality and “psychic puberty.” Klein relates this work to the concepts of the feminine phase common to both sexes, of combining parents, and of male homosexuality.

Sophie Turcat : The Bad Upbringing of the Father

Following the extended analysis carried out previously in Talk to her, Pedro Almodovar has furthered the expression of his fraternal fantasies, offering for the first time in The bad education some concrete and autobiographical elements of their origins. He finally gives a powerful place to the male phallic characters and manages to eliminate the female ones almost completely.

Guy Scharmann : “Scarred by the Couch: An Essay on Plural Symbolizations”

This article gives a glimpse of Jean-José Baranès’ book Les balafrés du divan. Essai sur les symbolisations plurielles (“ Scarred by the couch. An essay on plural symbolizations ” Paris : Dunod, 2003), whose main theme is a clinical and theoretical reflection on the work of primary and secondary symbolization carried out in current indications of psychoanalysis.

Françoise Fericelli-Broun : Adolescence and Suicide: Deontological and Ethical Issues

In this article, the author proposes to define and distinguish the notions of morals, of deontology and of ethics as applied to the medical field. Deontology and ethics are then investigated within the framework of the psychiatric treatment of suicidal adolescents. This type of therapeutic situation repeatedly and violently confronts the caregivers with deontological and ethical questions.
A clinical vignette allows us to show some modes of ethical questioning, a questioning which is indispensable to the elaboration of a care-giving action.

Michel Delage : Solitude and the Failure to Attain Autonomy : The Place of a Family-Based Approach to Therapy

On the way to becoming autonomous, the adolescent sometimes meets with solitude. Some pathological conduct, such as running away or “ false-starts ”, seem to bear witness to this, being both an expression of the malaise the adolescent feels, and an appeal to the other. As a relations theory, the theory of attachment offers a model for understanding these situations where coherence must be centred on the interpersonal and on the possibility of family therapy interventions. In this direction the two concepts of “ resonance ” and of “ floating object ” hold much interest.

Antoine Masson : From Blind Shock to Subjective View of and by Oneself

Through a clinical sequence involving an adolescent who presents himself as blind, the article shows the transmutation of an inability to constitute an horizon of the subjective world into a capacity, retrieved in the transference, for subjectivating (himself) from a traumatic point and for setting up the theater of an intimate world. The therapeutic progress begins from traces of the body’s being grasped, and sustains itself on the equivocal diagnosis attesting to both the blind alley and the attempt to exist. The question is then successively, to point out the blind alleys of the subjectivation of the adolescent passage, to provide living metaphors able to serve as primers for symbolization, to restore progressively the capacity to organize a view of the world and of oneself, to face what has happened, and finally to open a new subjective reality.

André Brousselle : Masculine Masochism and Feminine Masochism in Adolescence

Masochism is studied here in its identity-forming, and thus sexually-differentiated, aim. Viewed as other ways of being a man or a woman, the masculin(izing) masochism of the woman and the femin(izing) masochism of the man emerge from paradox and stand out clearly at crucial times of life: thus in adolescence, masochism is often a mandatory passage on the way to sexual differentiation, sometimes taking the form of initiation, savage or cultural.

Éric Bidaud : The Adolescent and the “Pornographic Stage”

We propose to analyse a category : the “ obscene ”. We define this category as a function : in the space of the relationship with the other, it plays both a regulating and a parading role, as a way of being in front of the other, while struggling against his/her fascination.
Adolescents, in their relationship with the “ pornographic scene ”, question the body of the other, which is experienced as an object of attraction but also of danger.

Gérard Pirlot : “Solus Ipse”

Evoking the lonely memories of an orphaned patient using analysis to comfort him in his solitude, the author examines the links between transference resistance, early narcissistic trauma related to the loss of the father, difficulty introjecting sex drives, and moral narcissism. Some texts by the young Rimbaud also illustrate this moral narcissism, which readily uses solitude as a masochistic practice to plug the narcissistic gaps in an Ego that is unable to harmoniously introject sex drives and paternal imago.