¿Es que se puede hablar de prevención en materia de alcoholización adolescente, sobre todo cuando el riesgo de alcolizacion es simplemente negado durante este periodo ? Sin embargo, la dependencia al alcohol existe en los adolescentes y una verdadera prevención no se puede concebir que en relación con un debate mas largo sobre la consumación de alcohol en Francia.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 1003-1009.
The signature is a complex act which partakes of the trace and of its erasure. Between mimicry and self-affirmation, it allows one to approach the question of the name in the adolescent. By extension, we will explore other modes of signature in adolescence, investigating the relevance of this designation: one can reasonably wonder if it is still a signature. Who signs in adolescence ? To what degree do the various ways of expression, which are often distancing practices, come to « sign » something of the subject ? Above all, this work tries to illustrate the way in which fantasies of self-foundation can both foster and hinder the work of subjectivation, and so doing, open, or not open, the passage.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 1023-1035.
Relations between the adolescent process and one’s relationship with language are played out through a certain « remodeling » of language, by way of adolescents’ graphic inventions and their new investment of written forms. In the invention of his signature we posit an essential act of rewriting of the adolescent by himself, in other words, the acquisition of a style. It is a question of investigating the changing status of the subject in relation to the signature joined to his proper name. This no doubt involves specifying the monstrative function of the signature and the effects of its displacements. We would suggest as a line of research a study of the signature-value of the marks of the subject in their actual formations: inscriptions on one’s own body.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 1013-1021.
How can we speak of prevention in adolescent alcohol consumption, when it is not accepted that alcoholism in adolescents represents a risk during this period ? Alcohol dependency does exist in adolescents, however, and true prevention is conceivable only in connection with a wider questioning of alcohol consumption in France.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 1003-1009.
The escalation of self-destructive acting out in adolescence is viewed as a compulsive repetition of traumatic or repeated microtraumatic events. These traumatic events, which occurred during early childhood, are or were linked to the absence of the object and the subsequent sense of emptiness that was experienced. The different functions of compulsive repetition are then discussed in the context of identity search and borderline pathology during adolescence. Finally, the author discusses the mental work required of the therapist when working with adolescents presenting these types of issues, particularly when speech cannot be used for intersubjective communication.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 991-1001.
The analysis of the transference and counter-transference of an obese woman’s therapy leads to an understanding of the role of a traumatic pubertaire event in the constitution of a bulimic symptom during the adolescence. Dead ends imposed by this experience, a deferred action effect of the infantile, block the pacifying possibility of repression and lead to a reversal/turning round of the drive. This drive fate organizes a melancholic form of the primal scene in which the subject is guilty. It is then the body, as support of the ego and of the incorporated object that is to be attacked and protected. Force-feeding, as a centripetal movement from outside towards inside, appears as a way of opposing a fantasy of emptying and potential seduction represented by menstrual bleeding.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 977-989.
The author considers that the difficulties the adolescent girl encounters on her way to becoming a woman are grave symptomatic manifestations of a process of becoming a woman which may be common to all female children. The future anorexic would already be established when a little girl, a system of false-self which reaches a crisis point at puberty. Anorexia, a counter-evolutionary process which entails a risk of psychical and physical death, is a form of psychopathology that also masks an unconscious desire for emancipation and subjectivation.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 959-975.
Starting with a critique of the term « addictive conducts », the author proposes a metapsychological reflection centered upon the repetition compulsion and its effects in adolescence, more precisely in anorexic pathologies. The clinical study of the therapeutic process deployed in psychodrama in the treatment of an adolescent girl with severe anorexia is built around theoretical constructions concerning the dialectic of internal and external perceptions. The essential question is that of the over-investment of external perceptions – of which narcissism is constituted – to the detriment of internal perceptions, which are considered to be intricately tied to the affects that constitute the « raw material » of the transference.
The second part of the article is devoted to analytical psychodrama, its value and its functions in such situations: the fragmentation of the transference, the play of doubles, and the putting into words of affects all offer ways to deal with drive violence, insofar as the method ensures the connection between images and words, when the affects are barred off, imprisoned or even stifled. Thus psychodrama traces the path of the effective experience of breakdown in its twofold aspect, as witness to both early infantile distress and to the loneliness of the Œdipal stage.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 941-957.
The author suggests that different psychopathological picture and personality structures can be found under the name of anorexia.
She also discusses anorexic issues in an adult woman analytically treated after the apparent remission of anorexic symptoms and dynamics.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 925-940.
Such a title, which is enigmatic to say the least, requires us to resort to a dictionary in order to draw out some possible meanings. On the basis of the different definitions suggested, some lines of reflection open up for therapists trying, sometimes in vain, to attract adolescents to their « merchandise » and make them loyal customers. There is a clinical expression, « the adolescent not for consumption », or who is at least viewed as such by those close to him, and who removes himself from all forms of psychotherapeutic appetence addressed to him. The fantasy of consumable subject/object which underlies this strategy of avoidance warrants investigation. In the most worrisome situations, this fantasy will betray an adolescent who is not fit for consumption on account of his refusal of the sexually differentiated body or of becoming an adult. The ultimate question is that of what therapeutic setting can be tolerated by an adolescent in this register.
Adolescence, 2008, T. 26, n°4, pp. 861-876.