Having studied the case of “ Felix ” and the Kleinian concepts of internal objects and of unconscious fantasy illustrated by the case of this adolescent boy, the author uses the case of “ Ilse ” to explore Kleinian conceptions of female sexual identity.
Klein centered her analysis of Ilse on this adolescent girl’s envious sadism towards an internal mother who was, in fantasy, the owner of the father, and on the omnipotent guilt which mirrored these fantasies. This guilt robbed Ilse of her passage through “ psychical puberty ” and, consequently, of all the rest of her development. While the first part of the analysis sets Ilse in the latency phase, the attenuation of her guilt in analysis will improve her feeling of identity, of personal responsibility : Ilse becomes more genuine, more free.
The postulate of the central place of rhythm in psychical life prompts us to spot rhythm issues in clinical practice, and especially in the treatment of adolescent problems where disinvestment is coupled with suspension of time. Two vignettes from day-hospital practice are offered to illustrate how institutional care can, in its own way, take up the challenge of re-animating the desiring, temporal dynamic of the subject through the dynamic of his internal rhythmicity.
Fantasio and Leonce, the eponymous adolescent heroes of works by de Musset and Büchner, grapple with a static temporality, synonymous with boredom, brooding, and emptiness. This temporality opens onto death, seen as the only reality once they leave the Edenic timelessness of a childhood whose symptom is the fantasy of the dead child. This frustrating relationship with time seems to be a sign of the trauma represented in adolescence by the encounter with the genital object. Death seems to be put forward as protection against the sexual, and the suspension of time seems to be the dramatic strategy developed to “delay” the dreaded amorous encounter.
Psychoanalytical teamwork is recommended in the treatment of the particular form of transference that routinely occurs in the institutional treatment of young patients suffering from psychotic disorders or from behavioral pathology (borderline cases). The degree of alienation is such that repetition will tend to be induced in the other – the therapist, in this case – due to the absence of constituted fantasy in certain sectors of the patient’s psyche. It is as if the restitution (Freud, 1937) and subjective appropriation of these elements by the patient necessitated a detour through the psychical space of the caregivers (which is very trying for them), obliging them first of all to elaborate these subjective elements among themselves.
Male pubescent sexual theories (P.S.T.) are characterized on the one hand, by being rooted in the first orgasmic experiences, wherein the release of excitation, of sperm and of germinal cells are condensed; and on the other hand, by their evolution towards different theories about fluids, one of which is economical. This transformation is followed here in an adult patient. The opposite path leads us to hypothesize that Freud’s economical theory could be derived from these pubescent sexual theories.
In this work we offer a conceptualization that takes into account the theory of the mind, since adolescence may characterized as the age at which the subject formulates for himself a meta-theory of the mind : he invests his own thoughts with thoughts. The result of this meta-theory of the mind could be figured in the ego ideal, an instance which is known to emerge during adolescence.
The register of the moment directly poses the question of désirance and its influence in the process of subjectivation. Starting with the problem of the encounter in the libertine, the author offers an exposé of relational issues at the onset of the genital phase. The register of consensual defeat instigates the creation of an amorous, masochistic self on which the subjectal evolution will in part depend. The moment – through the effect of divestment it introduces into the encounter, but also through the effect of putting into perspective it gives rise to – gives potential to this operation which determines the genital subject.
If the model of the infantile organization of the psychical economy is the paradigm for analytical treatment, might not the model of the end-of-adolescence process be the paradigm for the “ ending ” of the analysis ? The notion of drive for control, a constituent of the psychical apparatus, once it is differentiated from the relation of control, especially its mortifying, negative aspects, will be the basis for an exploration of the processes involved in the establishment of the subject’s narcissistic foundations and, by permitting him to free himself from an alienating relationship with the primordial object, a pre-condition for his subjectivation.
This article attempts to shed new light on the notion of subjectivation, privileging the perspective of becoming-subject within specular transference systems. Two clinical sequences, showing these becoming-subjects first in dream figuration, and then in the passage through the negative, enable us to understand the peculiarities of identifying times.
After mentioning some sociological and anthropological models, the author discusses, following the work of Gutton and Rassial and his own clinical elaborations, whether the model of logical time may be usefully applied to our understanding of the various steps of adolescent temporality.